Korean: 르 irregular


Most of the Korean adjectives and verbs, such as 아/어요, are used according to the basic rules of variation, but there are some exceptions, which are irregular variations (also known as variation rules). Common irregular variations include 으 irregular, ㄹ irregular, ㅂ irregular, ㅅ irregular, ㄷ irregular, 르 irregular, and ㅎ irregular.

If you are using Chrome or an Android phone, you can listen to the pronunciation by clicking on the Korean in the table or the Korean in the example sentences in the article!

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Irregularities

Most Korean adjectives and verbs follow the basic rules of variation, such as 아/어요, but some exceptions exist, and these exceptions are irregular variations.
Common irregular variations are

  • 으 irregular
  • ㄹ irregular
  • ㅂ irregular
  • ㅅ irregular
  • ㄷ irregular
  • 르 irregular
  • ㅎ irregular

This article introduces the use of 르 irregular.

르 irregular

Some adjectives and verbs have a stem that ends in 르 (e.g. 모르다, 부르다) and is followed by a ㅇ (e.g. 아/어요), the stem changes.
This change is called the 르 irregularity.
Below, we introduce the ㅂ니다 form, the 요 form, and the past tense variation.

ㅂ니다形

Same as the normal rules.
ex: 모르다 -> 모릅니다。

요形

Varies according to the vowel of the preceding syllable of the 르 syllable.

1. When the vowel is "ㅏ,ㅗ

The basic rule is that if the vowel is "ㅏ,ㅗ", 아요 is added at the end.
For the 르 irregular, replace the 르 with ㄹ라 and add 요 at the end.
For example, 모르다 -> 몰라요.


2. When the vowel is other than "ㅏ,ㅗ

The basic rule is that when the vowel is other than "ㅏ,ㅗ", 어요 is added after it.
For the 르 variant, replace the 르 with ㄹ러 and add 요 at the end.
For example, 부르다 -> 불러요.


3. Exceptions

따르다, 들르다, 지르다 are to be used live according to the 르 variant.
따르다 → 따라요
들르다 → 들러요
지르다 → 질러요

Past tense

The variation rule is similar to the 요-type.

1. When the vowel is "ㅏ,ㅗ

In the case of 르 irregular, replace the 르 with ㄹ라 and add ㅆ다 at the end.
For example, 모르다 -> 몰라요 -> 몰랐어요.


2. When the vowel is other than "ㅏ,ㅗ

For the 으 irregular, replace the 르 with ㄹ라 and add ㅆ다 at the end.
For example, 부르다 -> 불러요 -> 불렀어요.


Summary

The following summarizes a table.

verb/adj.르 irregular르 irregular's past tense
모르다몰라요몰랐어요
빠르다빨라요빨랐어요
자르다잘라요잘랐어요
오르다올라요올랐어요
부르다불러요불렀어요
흐르다흘러요흘렀어요

Relate Post

Korean: 으 irregular Korean: 으 irregular
Korean: Have done... | ㄴ/은 적이 있다 Korean: Have done... | ㄴ/은 적이 있다
Korean: ㄷ irregular Korean: ㄷ irregular
Korean: ㅅ irregular Korean: ㅅ irregular

Korean Basic

Korean: ㅅ irregular Korean: ㅅ irregular
Korean: ㄷ irregular Korean: ㄷ irregular
Korean: 르 irregular Korean: 르 irregular
Korean: 으 irregular Korean: 으 irregular
>>more contents

Korean Note

Korean: vocabulary about time Korean: vocabulary about time
Korean: Tableware Korean: Tableware
Korean: Permission to do... | ...아/어 도 되다 Korean: Permission to do... | ...아/어 도 되다
Korean:  Furniture in the living room | 거실 가구 Korean: Furniture in the living room | 거실 가구
>>more contents

Sponsor