Korean: Meaning of ~ᄂ데、~은데、~는데


We have talked about the usage of 'but' before, when we introduced that '그러나/그렇지만/하지만,그런데' can be used as the meaning of 'but', and today we will introduce another kind of 'but' expression that is also very common in life, that is '~ᄂ데, ~은데, ~는데'.

If you are using Chrome or an Android phone, you can listen to the pronunciation by clicking on the Korean in the table or the Korean in the example sentences in the article!

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

We have talked about the usage of "but" before, when we introduced that [Korean: 'But' 그러나/그렇지만/하지만,그런데] can be used as the meaning of "but", and today we will introduce another kind of "but" expression that is also very common in life, that is "~ᄂ데, ~은데, ~는데".

When the phrase ~데 appears, it often has the meaning of a turn of phrase or an exclamation.
The 그런데 mentioned before and the ~ᄂ데, ~은데, ~는데 that we are going to explain today also have the same meaning of turn of phrase.

But, Exclamations

The phrase "~ᄂ, ~은데, ~는데" can be used ** to describe the opposite of the previous phrase or to express an exclamatory tone**. Briefly, they are organized as follows

  • The word "데" is used in the middle of a sentence. It can be used in the middle of a sentence or at the end of a sentence**.
  • To express an exclamation about something. Use at the end of a sentence**.

So how to use it? It depends on what kind of word nature and what tense it is connected to.
The following is an explanation of the word nature and tense.

Combining adjectives with 데

The rules of the present tense of adjectives are explained first.

Present tense

adj's stem + ᄂ데/은데

If the stem ends with vowel, then use ᄂ데.
If the stem ends with conponent, the use 은데.

For example,
싸다(cheap)、비싸다(expensive) all ends with vowel,so
싸다 → 싼데
비싸다 → 비싼데

높다(high)、낮다(low)all ends with conponent,so
높다 → 높은데
낮다 → 낮은데

Past tense

adj's stem + 았/었 + 는데

높다 → 높았는데
싸다 → 쌌는데

Sentences

이 드레스 예쁜데 비싸네요.

This dress is pretty but expensive.

이전 좋지 않았는데 지금은 품질이 좋다.

It was not good before, but the quality is good now.

멋진데.

It's cool.

너무 잘하는데.

You're so good.

Verbs combined with 데

When a verb is combined with 데, it is followed by 는데 in either tense.
However, don't forget that the verb that you should change with the tense.

Present tense

verb's stem + 는데

It doesn't matter if it ends in a consonant or a vowel.

EX:
보다 → 보는데
먹다 → 는데
놀다 → 노는데(for ㄹ ending, to drop the ending ㄹ)

Past tense

Same as the rule of past tense of adjectives.

verb's stem + 았/었 + 는데

Ex:
보다 → 봤는데
먹다 → 먹었는데
놀다 → 놀었는데

Future tense

verb's stem + 겠 + 는데

보다 → 보겠는데
먹다 → 먹겠는데
놀다 → 놀겠는데

Sentences

비가 많이 있는데, 출근하지 않으면 안된다.

There is a lot of rain, but I have to go to work.

점심은 많이 먹었는데 오후 3시에 다시 배고파요.

I ate a lot for lunch, but I'm hungry again at 3pm.

내일 가겠는데 언제 도착하는지 모르겠습니다.

I'll be there tomorrow, but I don't know when it will arrive.

Noun combined with 데

noun + 인데

Ex:
의사 → 의사인데

Sentences

의사인데, 장사는 잘한다.

(He is) a doctor, but also do business well.

Conclusion

  • ~ᄂ데, ~은데, ~는데 can be used to describe the opposite of the previous sentence, or to express an exclamatory tone.
  • The grammatical rules are related to the nature and tense of the words.
  • Adjectives have many variations, so pay attention to tense.
  • Verbs are always followed by 데.
  • Nouns are always followed by 인데.

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