2020 Basic Korean: Pronunciation of the Korean Alphabet(Hangul)


Korean characters are made up of **vowels** and **consonants**, and there are a total of 40 vowels and consonants.These characters are made up of vowels and consonants, and they are pronounced by combining them. Therefore, if you are familiar with the pronunciation of consonant and vowel, you can pronounce the Korean characters accurately when you see them.

If you are using Chrome or an Android phone, you can listen to the pronunciation by clicking on the Korean in the table or the Korean in the example sentences in the article!

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Korean characters are made up of vowels and consonants, and there are a total of 40 vowels and consonants.These characters are made up of vowels and consonants, and they are pronounced by combining them.
Therefore, if you are familiar with the pronunciation of consonant and vowel, you can pronounce the Korean characters accurately when you see them.

Origin of Korean script

In the 15th century, Sejong Daewang introduced the Korean alphabet, which was widely used by the general public in Korea.
The characters in this system were often accompanied by pronunciation, so that the pronunciation of a character was determined by the characters it was composed of.

Vowel Pronunciation

There are 21 vowels in Korean, divided into basic vowels and complex vowels.

basic vowels

alphabetPronunciationalphabetPronunciation

a

ya

eo

yeo

o

yo

u

yu

eu

i

complex vowels

alphabetPronunciationalphabetPronunciation

ae

yae

e

ye

wa

wae

oe

wo

we

wi

ui

Pronunciation of consonants

There are 19 consonants, divided into 14 consonants and 5 tense consonants.

consonants

alphabetPronunciationalphabetPronunciation

k, g

n

t, d

r

m

p, b

s

ng

ch, j

ch

k

t

p

h

tense consonants

alphabetPronunciationalphabetPronunciation

k

t

p

s

t

Combination of vowels and consonants

Here is the combination of consonants + basic vowels, consonants + complex vowels.

If you are using a computer or Android phone, you can listen to the pronunciation of the word by clicking on the character in the two tables below.

consonants + basic vowels

consonant\vowel

consonants + complex vowels

consonant\vowel

(consonant + vowel) + vowel(받침)

The last consonant in this combination does not have a vowel to go with it, and this is the common saying 받침.
Because of the endings, there are some pronunciation and grammatical changes according to the words that follow, so it's important to know how to judge whether the word ends with consonant or not.

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