Korean:Knowing how to pronounce and use numbers such as age, time, money and phone number


Age, money, date, time, number of numbers, telephone number, number of times, etc. There are many occasions when numbers are used in daily life. There are two types of number system in Korean, Sino-Korean system and Native-Korean system. The pronunciation of these two systems is different, and there is a difference in how they are used, so this article will explain the difference.

If you are using Chrome or an Android phone, you can listen to the pronunciation by clicking on the Korean in the table or the Korean in the example sentences in the article!

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Age, money, date, time, number of numbers, telephone number, number of times, etc. There are many occasions when numbers are used in daily life.
There are two types of number system in Korean, Sino-Korean system and Native-Korean system.
The pronunciation of these two systems is different, and there is a difference in how they are used, so this article will explain the difference.

Sino-Korean system

Sino-Korean system has a wide range of numerical applications such as Money, Month, Date, Minutes and seconds, Telephone number, Number, Age. This system covers the basic aspects of life, so it is very important to be familiar with it.

Here is a table to learn how to pronounce sounds.
(For those of you with a computer version of Chrome or Android phones, you can click on the text to hear the pronunciation.)

NumberKoreanPron.
0

공, 영

kong, yeong
1

il
2

i
3

sam
4

sa
5

o
6

yuk
7

chil
8

pal
9

gu
10

sip
11

십일

sibil
12

십이

sibi
13

십삼

sipsam
14

십사

sipsa
15

십오

sibo
16

십육

simnyuk
17

십칠

sipchil
18

십팔

sip-pal
19

십구

sipgu
20

이십

isip
30

삼십

samsip
40

사십

sasip
50

오십

osip
60

육십

yuksip
70

칠십

chilsip
80

팔십

palsip
90

구십

gusip
hundred

baek
thousand

cheon
10 thousand

man
billion

eok
trillion

jo

telephone number

In Korean phone numbers, such as 010-0102-3456, many numbers that begin with 010 are often pronounced 공일공, but with 0102, some people pronounce 영일영이, while others pronounce 공일공이.



Native-Korean system

The Native-Korean system is used for a smaller range of numbers, especially for numbers in the Hour. (Minutes and seconds are used with the Sino-Korean system.)
The small range of numbers mentioned here, which generally feels like 20 or less, can be used with the Native-Korean system.
For example, one person (한 사람), two people (두 사람), three people (세 항람), five cups (다섯 잔)... and so on. etc.

The following is a list of numbers and pronunciations of the Korean system. (Note that the pronunciation may change when there is a unit after the number one to four.)

NumberKoreanProun.has a unit
1

하나

hana

2

dul

3

set

4

net

5

다섯

daseot -
6

여섯

yeoseot -
7

일곱

ilgop -
8

여덟

yeodeol -
9

아홉

ahop -
10

yeol -
11

열 하나

yeolhana -
12

열 둘

yeoldul -
13

열 셋

yeolset -
14

열 넷

yeollet -
15

열 다섯

yeoldaseot -
16

열 여섯

yeollyeoseot -
17

열 일곱

yeorilgop -
18

열 여덟

yeollyeodeol -
19

열 아홉

yeorahop -
20

스물

seumul -
30

서른

seoreun -
40

마흔

maheun -
50

swin -
60

예순

yesun -
70

일흔

ilheun -
80

여든

yeodeun -
90

아흔

aheun -
hundred

on -
thousand

즈믄

jeumeun -
10 thousand

드먼

deumeon   -
billion

jal -

年齡

The age, 1 year old (한 살), 2 years old (두 살), 3 years old (세 살), 4 years old (네 살), 5 years old (다섯 살), 6 years old (여섯 살), 7 years old (일곱 살), 8 years old (여덟 살), 9 years old (아홉 살), 10 years old (열 살), 20 years old (스물 살), 30 years old (서른 살).... and so on.
It is also possible to use the Sino-Korean system (mostly used after the age of 30), such as 35 = 삼십오 세, and the Native-Korean system is 서른다 살섯 살.



A mix of Sino-Korean and Native-Korean systems in time.

As mentioned above, the Native-Korean system is used for the hours part of the time, and the Sino-Korean system is used for the minutes and seconds part of the time.
For example: 1:10:50 = 오십

한시 십분 오십초

As you can see from the example above.
for , use Native-Korean system, 하나,둘,셋,넷...etc.
for 분和초, use Sino-Korean system, 일,이,삼,사...etc.



Count

Sino-Korean system and Native-Korean system can be used.

When using the Chinese system, the unit is 회.
ex:once(일 회),twice(이 일),three times(삼 일)...。

When using Native-Korean system, the unit is번.(Usually less than 30)
ex:once(한 번),twice(두 번),three times(세 번)...。

When the number of times exceeds 30

If the number of times exceeds 30, you can use Sino-Korean system + 회.

Can't we do that with a Sino-Korean system + 번?

The meaning will be a little difference.
일 번 means number one, 이 번 means number two,and so on.



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