Korean: Please, Persuade 〜(으)십시오/세요, 주세요
Pleas and persuasions are used all the time. They are indispensable in everyday life, in the workplace, and on other formal occasions. Especially in a country like Korea, where etiquette is important. Therefore, let's talk about the usage of 〜(으)십시오/세요, 주세요 for this topic.
Table of Contents
Pleas and persuasions are used all the time. They are indispensable in everyday life, in the workplace, and on other formal occasions. Especially in a country like Korea, where etiquette is important.
Therefore, let's talk about the usage of 〜(으)십시오/세요, 주세요 for this topic.
"Please come in", "please look", "please sit down", "please answer", etc. To express a request or an persuasions such as "Please do~", use ~(으)십시오/세요. The grammatical rules for its use are as follows.
Verb's stem + (으)십시오
Verb's stem + (으)세요
- If the verb stem ends in a consonant, then add 으.
- If the verb stem ends in a consonant ㄹ, then delete ㄹ and add 십시오/세요.
- 드시다、계시다 is the verb itself has a respectful meaning of 시, but if you add bush 십시오/세요, the 시 becomes redundant, so it is removed.
Let's look some examples.
주세요 has the meaning of "please do ~ for me, please give me ~".
If it is preceded by a noun, it means "Please give me ~".
Noun + 주세요
For example, in a restaurant when you ask the staff for water, you can say
Please give me water.
If it is preceded by a verb, it means "Please do it for me", the rules for combining it with a verb are as follows:
Verb(whose vowel is ㅏ,ㅑ,ㅗ) + 아 주세요
Verb(whose vowel is not ㅏ,ㅑ,ㅗ) + 어 주세요
하다-type verb -> 해 주세요
좀 깎아 주세요.
Please count me in for a cheaper price.
Common Examples of Life
It is common to see the use of 시오/세요 and 주세요 in our daily lives. Especially when you are shopping and spending money, the store staff always speaks in such a respectful tone to customers.
Let's take a look at the sentences listed below.
어서 means "fast". 오세요 means "please come in" as we have just introduced. Therefore, the whole phrase together means "please come in quickly".
When you enter a store in Korea, you will also hear the clerk say "어서 오세요", which means "Welcome".
Please wait for a while.
Please sit here.
새해 복 많이 받으십시오.
Happy new year.
Please give me the menu.
Please teach me korean.
In Korean: Greetings and Farewells, we talked about the use of the phrase "please go well / take care", in which 세요 is also used to mean please.
please go well.