Korean: About 가다


Following the previous article [Korean: Top 10 Commonly Used Verbs], this article will talk more about 가다, such as 'to go somewhere', 'to do something', and more detail. In addition, since 가다 has the physical meaning of changing distance over time, it can be used in combination with other verbs to represent the continuous change of state.

If you are using Chrome or an Android phone, you can listen to the pronunciation by clicking on the Korean in the table or the Korean in the example sentences in the article!

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Following the previous article Korean: Top 10 Commonly Used Verbs, this article will talk more about 가다, such as "to go somewhere," "to do something," and more detail. In addition, since 가다 has the physical meaning of changing distance over time, it can be used in combination with other verbs to represent the continuous change of state.

가다 present tense, past tense

가다 means "to go" in English.
It is a verb that is used frequently, and there are variations of present tense, past tense and future tense.
Below is a list of the correspondence between the present tense and the past tense.

verbInformal high respectFormal high respect
present tense가다,간다가요갑니다
past tense갔다갔어요갔습니다
지금 가요.

I will go.

거기에 갔어요.

I went there.

place +에 가다

When 가다 is a verb, it is usually paired with a place as a destination, such as to go somewhere.
Particle are used to give a clear indication of the place or destination.
The is often used to indicate a place or destination.

EX:

학교에 가다.

go to school

Here use to indicate that 학교 is the destination.

go to do ... = -(으)러 가다

Go to do something is a common sentence that used in our life.
It is also necessary to use an particle to connect something as a purpose.
Here you can use (으)러 to indicate the purpose.

The points of usage:
1. Verb's stem is used before -(으)러. 2. If the stem of the verb ending with vowel or ㄹ, then use . 3. If the stem of a verb ending with consonant and not ㄹ, then use 으러.

Let's take a look at a few example sentences next.

만나러 가다.

Go to meet you.

만나다 means to meet.

밥 먹으러 가다.

Go to eat

밥 means "rice",먹다 means "eat",so 밥 먹다 means "go to eat".
Beacause the verb's stem ending with consonant, so use 으러.

쇼핑하러 가다.

Go to shopping.

쇼핑하다 means "shopping"。

가,간다, 나가다

In Korean dramas, you will see that people are told to leave by using 가.

간다

We will say "간다" when we want to go or take action.

나가다

It means that someone walking away from a place (getting farther and farther away from the speaker).
나오다 also means to come out of a certain place. (Getting closer to the speaker).

-아/어 가다

Now, the basic usage of 가다 has been introduced above. Let's move on to another common grammar of 가다.
When there are states or actions that are continuous or gradual, it is used in combination with 가다 to represent the gradual departure.
Such as going away, walking out, flying away, passing on... and so on.

The rules of combination are roughly as follows.

  • When the vowel of verb's stem is "ㅏ" or "ㅗ", "아 가다" is used.
  • When the vowel of verb's stem is not "ㅏ" and "ㅗ", "어 가다" is used.
  • If the verb is "-하다", then use "해 가다" or "하여 가다".
꽃이 떨어져 가다.

Flowers fall off

꽃 means "flower",떨어지다 means "fall off".

점점 잊어간다.

I gradually forget.

Similar uses include the following verbs.

KoreanEnglish
날아가다flying away
떠나가다going away
갈어가다walk away
흘러가다flow away
돌아가다return

Conclusion

The usage of the verb "가다" has been introduced above and is useful in everyday life and writing.
The basic usage of 가다 is quite simple. When going somewhere, use the to indicate the destination. When going to do something, use the particle (으)러 to indicate the destination.
Further, 가다 contains the meaning of distance over time, so when combined with other verbs it also retains the meaning of change over time.
So in the future, when we see a verb and a 가다 in a sentence, we can quickly understand it as a state of constant change.

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