Korean: About 오다
Introduces the present tense, past tense and basic usage of 오다. Coming to a place is 'place + 에 오다'. Coming to do something is '-(러) 오다'. Usage of continuous change in expression, '-아/어 오다'.
Table of Contents
Following the previous article Korean: Top 10 Commonly Used Verbs, this article will talk more about 오다, such as "come to somewhere", "come to do something," and more detail. In addition, since 오다, like 가다, has the physical meaning of changing distance over time, it can be used in combination with other verbs to represent the continuous change of state.
오다 present tense, past tense
오다 means "to come" in English.
It is a verb that is used frequently, and there are variations of present tense, past tense and future tense.
Below is a list of the correspondence between the present tense and the past tense.
|verb||Informal high respect||Formal high respect|
About how to transfer to 요-type, please see Korean: About Verb 동사 + 아/어요, 해요
About how to transfer to 습니다-type, please see Korean: About adjectives(형용사) honorific，아/어요
place ＋에 오다
When 오다 is a verb, it is usually paired with a place as a destination, such as come to somewhere.
Particle are used to give a clear indication of the place or destination.
The 에 is often used to indicate a place or destination.
come back to office
Here use 에 to indicate that 회사 is office(the destination).
come to do ... = -(으)러 오다
Come to do something is a common sentence that used in our life.
It is also necessary to use an particle to connect something as a purpose.
Here you can use (으)러 to indicate the purpose.
The points of usage:
1. Verb's stem is used before -(으)러.
2. If the stem of the verb ending with vowel or ㄹ, then use 러.
3. If the stem of a verb ending with consonant and not ㄹ, then use 으러.
Let's take a look at a few example sentences next.
한국에 공부하러 와요.
Come to Korea for studying.
공부하다 means to study.
놀러 공원에 와요.
Come to park to play
놀다 means 'to play'，and the stem's ending is ㄹ, so use 러。
밥을 먹으러 식당에 왔습니다.
I came to a restaurant to eat.
밥을 먹다 means "to eat rice". the ending of 먹 is consonant and not ㄹ，so use 으러。
It means "You are here".
It means that someone walking away from a place and getting closer to the speaker.
나가다 also means to come out of a certain place, but getting farther and farther away from the speaker.
Now, the basic usage of 오다 has been introduced above. Let's move on to another common grammar of 오다.
When there are states or actions that are continuous or gradual, it is used in combination with 오다 to represent getting closer, coming.
The rules of combination are roughly as follows.
- When the vowel of verb's stem is "ㅏ" or "ㅗ", "아 오다" is used.
- When the vowel of verb's stem is not "ㅏ" and "ㅗ", "어 오다" is used.
- If the verb is "-하다", then use "해 오다" or "하여 오다".
조금씩 알게 되어 왔어요.
I've come to know little by little.
알게 되다 means "to become clear".
It has been getting cold.
이 연구를 5 년간 왔습니다.
This study has been done for 5 years.
The usage of the verb "오다" has been introduced above and is useful in everyday life and writing.
The basic usage of 오다 is quite simple. When going somewhere, use the 에 to indicate the destination. When going to do something, use the particle (으)러 to indicate the destination.
Further, 오다 contains the meaning of distance over time, so when combined with other verbs it also retains the meaning of change over time.
So in the future, when we see a verb and a 오다 in a sentence, we can quickly understand it as a state of constant change.