Korean: More about Negation|없다,아니다,모르다


In [Korean: Negative expression 못 vs 안](/tutorial/en/basic/negation) illustrates the use of negation, but there are also some words that have their own negative vocabulary. Therefore, this entry is going to introduce the negative words: 없다, 아니다, 모르다.

If you are using Chrome or an Android phone, you can listen to the pronunciation by clicking on the Korean in the table or the Korean in the example sentences in the article!

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

In Korean: Negative expression 못 vs 안 illustrates the use of negation, but there are also some words that have their own negative vocabulary.
Therefore, this entry is going to introduce the negative words: 없다, 아니다, 모르다.

있다 -> 없다

있다 is the English word for "have, existence".

PrototypeInformal,honorificFormal,honorific
있다있어요있습니다

For example, a waiter might ask "Do you have a reservation?" first when you arrive at a restaurant. .

약속이 있습니까?

Do you have a reservation?

Or ask "Where is the restroom?" .

화장실 어디에 있어요?

Where is the restroom?

The opposite of "있다" is 없다.

PrototypeInformal,honorificFormal,honorific
없다없어요없습니다
약속이 없습니다.

I don't have an appointment.

이다 -> 아니다

이다 is the English word for "yes".

PrototypeInformal,honorificFormal,honorific
이다이에요, 예요입니다

이다 is a very common word in life, for example, to introduce yourself as a student.

저는 학생입니다.

I am a student.

The opposite of 이다 is 아니다.

Prototype/th>Informal,honorificFormal,honorific
아니다아니에요아닙니다
나는 의사가 아닙니다.

I am not a doctor.

알다 -> 모르다

알다 is the English word for "know".

PrototypeInformal,honorificFormal,honorific
알다알아요압니다

알다 is a very common verb, like "I know this person".

나는이 사람을 안다.

I know this person

The opposite of 알다 is 모르다

PrototypeInformal,honorificFormal,honorific
모르다몰라요모릅니다
나는이 사람을 모른다.

I don't know this person.

Contrast table

PositiveNegative
있다없다
이다아니다
알다모르다

Relate Post

Korean: About 오다 Korean: About 오다
Korean: Mastering Place Words in Life at Once Korean: Mastering Place Words in Life at Once
Korean: Frequently Asked Questions Korean: Frequently Asked Questions
Korean: Greetings and Farewells Korean: Greetings and Farewells

Korean Basic

Korean: ㅅ irregular Korean: ㅅ irregular
Korean: ㄷ irregular Korean: ㄷ irregular
Korean: 르 irregular Korean: 르 irregular
Korean: 으 irregular Korean: 으 irregular
>>more contents

Korean Note

Korean: vocabulary about time Korean: vocabulary about time
Korean: Tableware Korean: Tableware
Korean: Permission to do... | ...아/어 도 되다 Korean: Permission to do... | ...아/어 도 되다
Korean:  Furniture in the living room | 거실 가구 Korean: Furniture in the living room | 거실 가구
>>more contents

Sponsor