Korean: Frequently Asked Questions


When it comes to the most basic questions in life, I think they are the following two. - May I ask if there is ...? - May I ask... Where is it? This note will talk about the use of the two questionable forms, introducing the respectful terms ㅂ니까 /습니까 and 아 /어요? and Non-respectful terms ~니? is used.

If you are using Chrome or an Android phone, you can listen to the pronunciation by clicking on the Korean in the table or the Korean in the example sentences in the article!

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

This is the first article to talk about the use of questioning sentences. The importance of questioning can be seen in everyday conversations.
When it comes to the most basic questions in life, I think they are the following two.

  • May I ask if there is ...?
  • May I ask... Where is it?

This note will talk about the use of the two questionable forms, introducing the respectful terms ㅂ니까 /습니까 and 아 /어요? and Non-respectful terms ~니? is used.

ㅂ니다/습니다 -> ㅂ니까/습니까?

First, let's introduce how to change the top-level honorific expressions, such asㅂ니다 /습니다, into a question.
In the above two sentences, it will be.  

~은/는 있습니까?

May I ask if there is ...?

~은/는 어디입니까?

May I ask... Where is it?

The above is the honorific form used in a formal setting.
If you remove the 다 from the original "습니다" and add "까?", it will be a question.

아/어요 -> 아/어요?

You can also use the 요-type honorific question for informal occasions, as shown below.

~은/는 있어요?

May I ask if there is ...?

~은/는 어디예요?

May I ask... Where is it?

There is no change in the sentence structure, and all that is needed is an upward inflection at the end of the sentence to indicate a question.

Questionable forms for younger ~니?

Before using it, be careful not to use it on your elders, it would be rude.

~은/는 있니?

Is there ...?

~은/는 어디 있니?

Where is ...?

Examples

Now, let's take a look at some common examples in life.

메뉴판 있어요?

Is there a menu?

빈 자리 있어요?

Is there a seat?

금연자리 있어요?

Is there a non-smoking area?

컵 있어요?

Is there a cup?

시간 있어요?

Do you have time?

다른 색상이 있습니까?

Are there other colors?

화장실이 어디예요?

Where is the restroom?

역이 어디예요?

Where is the station?

엘리베이터가 어디 있어요?

Where is the elevator?

경찰서가 어디 있어요?

Where is the police station?

편의점이 어디예요?

Where is the convenience store?

매표소가 어디예요?

Where is the ticket office?

웨이터는 어디 있습니까?

Where is the waiter?

네 친구들은 어디 있니?

Where are your friends?

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