Korean: The Negation of the Present Progressive(~고 있다)


In [Korean: Present Progressive Tense ~고 있다 vs 〜아/어 있다](/tutorial/en/basic/ving) it is mentioned that the expression 'being..., doing...', which is the present progressive grammar. And in the previous article [Korean:how to say 'What are you doing?' in Korean. 뭐/무엇, 무슨](/tutorial/en/post/2020-12-02-ving) then the question is explicitly asked in the present progressive. Have you ever wondered how the negation of the present march should be expressed? Is it '-고 있지않' or '고 없다'? or '안 -고 있다'? or '안-고 있다'? In this article, we will talk about the negation of the **present progressive expression**.

If you are using Chrome or an Android phone, you can listen to the pronunciation by clicking on the Korean in the table or the Korean in the example sentences in the article!

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Present progressive: Korean: Present Progressive Tense ~고 있다 vs 〜아/어 있다
The question is explicitly asked in the present progressive: Korean:how to say 'What are you doing?' in Korean. 뭐/무엇, 무슨
Have you ever wondered how the negation of the present march should be expressed?
Is it "-고 있지않"?
or "고 없다"?
or "안 -고 있다"?

In this article, we will talk about the Negative Expression of Present Progressive.

Negative Expression

The use of negative is mentioned in Korean: Negative expression 못 vs 안

A is the negation of the range of abilities, so it is excluded here. Then there are the following two.
1. 안 + adj or verb
2. adj's or verb's stem + 지 않다

Therefore, the Negation Expression of Present Progressive(verb's stem +고 있다) maybe the following.

1. 안 verb's stem+고 있다 ------ ○

2. verb's stem+고 안 있다 ------ ✖

3. verb's stem+지 않고 있다 ----- ✖︎

4. verb's stem+고 있지 않다 ----- ○


Above 1 and 4 are correct, and 2 and 3 are wrong.


For example, someone asks you to "먹고 있어요?" (Are you eating?). To answer "I'm not eating", you can say something like this

안 먹고 있어요.

I'm not eating

or

먹고 있지 않아요.

I'm not eating

Can we use 고 없다?

Some people say that since the negative expression of 있다 is 없다, the negative expression of 고 있다 should be 고 없다, right?
At first I also had this question, then asked a Korean friend, he said he had not heard of such usage in Korea, and such a statement is difficult to understand even for Koreans, so he suggested not to use it.

Negation in the present tense is acceptable

It has been mentioned online and by my Korean friends that the present negative can also be used to express the present progressive negative.
The difference between the present tense and the present progressive tense in Korean seems to be less clear than in other languages. The distinction is kept loose (ambiguous). In the case of uncertainty, it often depends on the situation at the time.
Let's say a friend sees you eating and asks you, "뭐 먹어요?" (What are you eating?) It is a present tense expression. Although it's present tense, you're already eating, so the meaning becomes "What are you eating? .

Examples of negation in the present tense:

매일 일기를 쓰고 있어요?

Writing a daily diary?

나는 매일 일기를 쓰지 않아요.

I don't write a diary every day.

Conclusion

There are three ways in which the Korean present progressive negation can be expressed.
1. 안 verb's stem + 고 있다
2. verb's stem +고 있지 않다
3. Negation in the present tense is acceptable.


To make it easier to remember, I personally use the whole "고 있다" as a verb. Here are two rules of negative expression which be mentioned above.
안 + verb
verb's stem + 지 않다

The conclusion of 1,2 can be derived.

  1. 안 verb's stem + 고 있다
  2. verb's stem + 고 있지 않다

Is this an easy way to grasp the negation of the present progressive?

Relate Post

Korean:how to say 'What are you doing?' in Korean. 뭐/무엇, 무슨 Korean:how to say 'What are you doing?' in Korean. 뭐/무엇, 무슨
Korean:Self-Introduction(자기 소개) Korean:Self-Introduction(자기 소개)
Korean:Who(누구),When(언제),Where(어디) Usage Korean:Who(누구),When(언제),Where(어디) Usage
Korean:Why(왜),How much/long(얼마),Which(어느),How many(몇),How to(어떻다) Korean:Why(왜),How much/long(얼마),Which(어느),How many(몇),How to(어떻다)

Korean Basic

Korean: ㅅ irregular Korean: ㅅ irregular
Korean: ㄷ irregular Korean: ㄷ irregular
Korean: 르 irregular Korean: 르 irregular
Korean: 으 irregular Korean: 으 irregular
>>more contents

Korean Note

Korean: vocabulary about time Korean: vocabulary about time
Korean: Tableware Korean: Tableware
Korean: Permission to do... | ...아/어 도 되다 Korean: Permission to do... | ...아/어 도 되다
Korean:  Furniture in the living room | 거실 가구 Korean: Furniture in the living room | 거실 가구
>>more contents

Sponsor