Korean：Why(왜)，How much/long(얼마)，Which(어느)，How many(몇)，How to(어떻다)
This article continues from the previous article, and continues to introduce the vocabulary of commonly used question words. The main content focuses on the meanings of why (왜), how many/long (얼마), which (어느), how many (몇), and how to(어떻다), as well as examples of common sentences for practice. By mastering these words, we will be able to make common questions in our lives.
Table of Contents
This article continues from the previous article Korean: Who(누구), When(언제), Where(어디) Usage, and continues to introduce the vocabulary of commonly used question words. The main content focuses on the meanings of why (왜), how many/long (얼마), which (어느), how many (몇), and how to(어떻다), as well as examples of common sentences for practice.
By mastering these words, we will be able to make common questions in our lives.
왜 means "why". In Korean question sentences, 왜 is often followed by a verb or by 그렇다.
왜 + verb
Why are you angry?
Why do you know?
왜 + 그렇다
그렇다 is an adjective. It means "to become like this, to be like this". When used together with 왜, it means "Why is it like this? Why did you do that?"
Why is it like this? Why did you do that?
얼마: how many/long
** 얼마** means "how much/long". Basically, it has the following uses.
_1. 얼마나 + verb/adj: How much/long...? _
_2. 얼마 동안 + verb: How long to do it? _
_3. 얼마예요: How much is it? _
얼마나 + verb/adj
It means "How much/long...?".
How delicious is it?
여기서 얼마나 걸려요?
How long does it take from here?
걸리다 means "to take time".
For more detailed usage, please refer to: How to say 'be caught, take' in korean? - 걸리다
술을 얼마나 마셨어요?
How much alcohol did you drink?
얼마 동안 + verb
It means "How long to do it?".
얼마 동안 일하고 있었습니까?
How long have you been working?
얼마 동안 여행을 갔어요?
How long have you been traveling?
It is often used to ask for prices.
How much is it?
어느 means "which".
The meaning of 어느 and 무슨/무엇 are very close. In terms of usage, 어느 is often used if there are limited options, while 무슨/무엇 is used if there are no options.
어느 계절을 좋아해요?
Which season do you like?
Becase there are only four seasons, so use 어느.
몇: How many
몇 means "how many". This is followed by a units. Such as persons, pieces, sheets, books, etc.
가족은 몇 명입니까?
How many people are in your family?
몇 is the unit of people.
What time is it?
시 is the unit of hour.
방에는 테이블이 몇 개 있습니까?
How many tables are there in the room?
개 is the unit of table.
어떻다: How to
It can be directly turned into "어때요/어때" to ask someone's opinion. It can also be connected to a verb to say "How to do...?".
이 방은 어떻습니까/어때요?
How about this room?
어떻게 + verb
how to do?
How to go?
이것을 어떻게 사용합니까?
How do you use this?