Korean: Modifying Nouns with Adjective


In the previous article, we learned to use verb conjugation to modify nouns. Today's article will introduce the use of adjectives to modify nouns. That is, the common 'adj. + noun' sentence pattern. For example, 'good idea'(좋은 생각), 'cute puppy' (귀여운 강아지), 'happy time' (즐거운 시간), etc.

If you are using Chrome or an Android phone, you can listen to the pronunciation by clicking on the Korean in the table or the Korean in the example sentences in the article!

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

In the previous article, we learned to use verb conjugation to modify nouns. Today's article will introduce the use of adjectives to modify nouns. That is, the common "adj. + noun" sentence pattern. For example, "good idea"(좋은 생각), "cute puppy" (귀여운 강아지), "happy time" (즐거운 시간), etc.

Adjectives + nouns

When you want to modify a noun with an adjective, you have to change the adjective first (into conjugation) before you can combine it with the noun you want to modify.

Rules for adjectival conjugation

The rule that adjectives become adjectival conjugations.

stem of adj. + ㄴ/은.
If the stem ends with ㅂ, then remove ㅂ and add 운.   

Ex

예쁜 얼굴

pretty face

좋은 생각

good idea

즐거운 시간

開心的時間

귀여운 강아지

cute puppy

더운 여름

hot summer

Conclusion

  • You can use the adjectival conjugation when you use adjectives to modify nouns.
  • If the stem of an adjective ends in ㅂ, the ㅂ must be dropped and 운 added when converting to a hyphenated form.

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