Korean: Modifying Nouns with Verb


To add identity to nouns, verbs are often used to modify nouns that perform certain actions to enhance the impression of the noun.Let's learn how to use verbs to modify nouns today.

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents

To add identity to nouns, verbs are often used to modify nouns that perform a certain action to enhance the impression of the noun.
Let's learn how to use verbs to modify nouns today.

Modifying Nouns with Verb

When a verb is used to modify a noun, the verb must first be changed (into verb conjugation) before it can be combined with the noun to be modified.
The following is an explanation of how to change verbs and existential conjugations.

Present conjugation of verbs and existential words

The conjugation used when the tense of the verb or existential word is in the present tense.

verb or existential word stem + 는

existential word
있다 = be
없다 = not be

Example

움직이는 차

moving car

맛있는 케이크

delicious cake

만드는 요리

making dishes

쉬는 시간

Break time


Past conjugation of verbs and existential words

The conjugation used when the tense of the verb or existential word is in the past tense.

verb or existential word stem + ㄴ/은

if the stem ends with consonant, use
if the stem ends with vowel, use

Example

먹은 빵

the bread that was eaten

읽은 책

the book that was read

듣는 음악

the music have heard

간 장소

the place that have been to

Conclusion

  1. Use conjugation when modifying nouns with verbs and existential words.
  2. Pay attention to the tense when using the conjugation, as the present tense is different from the past tense.

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